Attractions in Pula you should see

Pula is a city in Croatia, located at the southern edge of the Istria Peninsula at the Adriatic Sea.

Between the 5th century B.C and the year 177 B.C., the area of Pula was inhabited by Illyrians, who were later replaced by Romans. Nowadays, Pula is a very interesting city with plenty of attractions to visit. Here are some of the most interesting places to visit in Pula.

The amphitheater in Pula

The amphitheater in Pula is a Roman amphitheater from the 2nd century B.C.

It was constructed from white limestone based on an ellipse with the dimensions of 132×105 meters. The lower floor consists of 32 arcades, and the central floor has 72 arcades. Tourists can go inside the amphitheater through one of the 15 gates. It could fit 23.000 viewers, which makes it the 6th object of its type in terms of size in the world.

Its construction began in 2 B.C., during the reign of Octavian Augustus and lasteed until 14 A.D. Emperor Vespasian, who came up with the idea of the Roman Colosseum, ordered to enlarge the amphitheatre in 79 A.D., giving the building the sizes we know today.

In ancient times, the amphitheatre was a fighting arena for gladiators. Sometimes, Naumachias were also presented here. Beginning with the middle ages, the amphitheatee was the source of stone for local people.

The Temple of Augustus in Pula

The Temple of Augustus is a well-preserved Roman temple dedicated ot Augustus – the very first emperor of Rome. It was most likely constructed during the lifetime of the emperor, between 27 B.C and his death in 14 A.D.

The temple of Augustus was part of a complex, which consisted of three temple. It stood at the left side of the central temple, and on the other side there was the temple of the goddess Diana. Even though the largest, central temple did not survive, the back side of the Temple of Diana can still be seen today.

In the 16th century, the description of this temple was included in Andrea Palladio’s highly influential book describing the principles of Classical architecture.

The Arch of the Sergii

The Arch of the Sergii, also known as the Golden Gate, is an Ancient Roman triumphal arch, which commemorates three members of the Sergii family, including Lucius Sergius Lepidus. It was constructed between 20 B.C. and 10 B.C. and placed inside the southern city gate, with its front turned at the city.

The walls of the crossing under the arch are ornamented by reliefs, which present vines and acanthus creepers enhabited by birds and small creatures.

The Punta Christo Fort

The Punta Christo Fort is a coastal armored fortress on the Pula peninsula. It was constructed by Austria in the 19th century to protect the navy’s main port. The Punta Christo Fort is situated at the height of 45 meters, in the most prominent place, which closes the entrance to the Gulf of Pula at the north. The Punta Christo Fort also protected the southern entrance to the Fazana Canal.

In the summertime, the fort is the location to a cafe, a disco and a playground. This fortress was less damaged in the German bombing of Pula during World War II in 1945. Between 1918 and 1980, the fortress served as barracks, and between 1980 and 1982, it was also a weapond depot.

The History and Maritime Museum of Istria

The Historical and Maritime Museum of Istria is situated on the highest hill in the city of Pula. At the height of of 32.4 meters.

This museum is a public institution, the activity of which is determined by legal provisions It has four departments: the Department of the History of the City of Pula, the Department of Medieval History of Istria, the Department of Istrian Modern History and the most recent one – the Department of Maritime and Naval History.

This museum has 18 collections, which have a total of 50.000 museum objects. Some of the museum’s collections include: the Numismatics Collection, the Archives Collection, the Collection of Film and Video Records, the medal collection, the diploma collection and the weapon collection.

The purpose of the museum is to gather cultural goods from the times between the middle ages and modern day, as well as store, protect and preserve the necessary documentation about these objects.

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