Croatia is a country with numerous islands, some of which are currently enhabited. These islands are heaven on earth, which everyone should visit at least once. According to recent online data, the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea has nearly 700 islands, about 340 islets and almost 80 reefs, which makes the Croatian archipelago the most numerous at the Adriatic Sea and the second most numerous archipelago at the Mediterranean Sea behind Greece. In this article, you will be able to read about some of the most beautiful and most interesting islands of Croatia.
The island of Krk is the largest island of Croatia, located at the Adriatic Sea, in the Kvarner Bay, to the south-east of Rijeka.
In tbe southern part of the island there are two mountain ranges, Their highest peak is called Obzova. In the valley above the Bascanska Draga Bay there is a big vacation resort called Baska, which has a pebbly beach with the length of 1900 meters. Another significant tourist resort is Omisalj, at the north of the island.
The oldest people who enhabited the island were the Illyrians. In the 1st century A.D., the Romans estabished their settlement called Curicum. In the 6th century A.D., the Slavic people took control of the island, displacing the aboriginal, Roman people.
The Kornati archipelago of Croatia, is situated in the northern part of Dalmatia, to the south from Zadar. It is 35 kilometers long and has 89 islands.
In terms of geography, the Kotnati islands can be divided into two main groups – the Upper Kornati, which is closer to the mainland, and the Lower Kornati, which mostly faces the open sea in the southwest.
In 1980, the 89 southernmost of the 140 islands of the Kornati archipelago were considered a national park, which had the purpose of protecting the islands and their sea surroundings. The area of the national park mostly coincides with the Donji Kornati, which includes the island of Kornat and the surrounding islets. This national park includes 109 islands, 76 of which are not larger than 1 hectare.
Korcula is a mountainous island at the coast of Croatia, located in southern Dalmatia.
According to legend, the island was discovered by Antenor in the 12th centruy B.C. According to a different legend, he is also considered the founder of Patavium (Padua)
The first settlers on this island were the people from the Mesolithic and the Neolithic period. This fact is confirmed by excavations in Vela Spila and the Jakas cave, located not far from the vilage of Zrnovo. The next tribe that decided to settle in this area were the Illyrians. Mosst people believe, that the Illyrians appeared in the Balkans approximately 1000 years B.C. They were half nomadic people, who made a living from farming.
Mijet is a Croatian island at the Adriatic Sea, with the length of 37 kilometers and the width of not more than 3 kilometers. The surface of the island is mostly upland, its average height is approximately 340 meters above the sea level.
In the western part of the island there is the Mijet National Park, which occupies the area between Crna klada and the most western point of the island – the Goli headland. The system of the national park consists of the village of Polace, which is the main touristic and travelling harbor, the village of Govedari and the village of Soline, which is a small place by the entrance to Velikog Jezera.
The Mijet National Park was considered an are of significant meaning because of the unique panoramic look of the divided shores. Cliffs and numerous islets.
Brac is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, with an area of 396 square kilometers. It is the largest island in Dalmatia and the third largest in the Adriatic. The tallest peak on the island, Vidova gora stands at 780 meters, which makes it the highest island point of the Adriatic islands.
The archaeological discoveries in the Kopacina cave date all the way back to the 12th millennium B.C. They are some of the oldest traces of human presence in Croatia.
In the 4th century B.C., the Greeks have colonized many Adriatic islannds, but they did not colonize Brac. However, the Greeks did visit the island to trade with the Illyrian inhabitants. Brac is located on the crossroads of several trading routes between Solin and Vis.
The island of Hvar is 68 kilometers long and has the surface of 297.38 square kilometers. The coastline has the length of 270 kilometers. This island extends between Brac and Korcula.
The highest peak of the island is Sveti Nikola. At the northern side of the coast there are peninsulas and small bays, while the southern shore is steep and rocky. The island is overgrown with mediterranean vegetation, as well as lavender, That’s why Hvar is also known as the „lavender island”. Lavender, which is planted in huge amounts in this area, is one of the main sources of income for the island.
Hvar doesn’t hsve any rivers or lakes, and the annual total of rainfall is less than 800 millimeters. The traditional activities of the local people include fishing and growing olives, figs and lavender,
The Elaphiti Islands
The Elaphiti Islands are a small archipelago, which consists of several smaller islands, stretching to the northwest from Dubrovnik, in the Adriatic Sea. The Elaphiti Islands have a total land area of approximately 30 square kilometers and a population of 850b inhabitants.
The Elaphiti Islands were first mentioned by a Roman author named Pliny the Elder in his works called „Naturalis Historia”, which was published in the 1st century. The name of the archipelago comes from the Greek word meaning deer. According to Pliny the Elder, deer used to inhabit the islands in enormous numbers.
According to the most recent classification, the Elaphiti Islands archipelago consists of 13 islands, including 8 larger and 5 smaller ones.
Pag is an island on the Adriatic Sea, at the coast of Dalmatia. It is the fifth largest island of Croatia, which has the longest coastline of all the islands.
The islands is a summer tourism resort, which is eagerly visited because of its quiet, charming beaches in the bays between the rocks. The towns of Pag, Novalja and Stara Novalja have a well-developed accommodation base, as well as centers of scuba divers. Tourists can visit ancient Slavonic churches and remainings after the colonization of the island by Romans and Venetian.
The islansd has a mediterranean climate. It doesn’t have any sweet water. The surface of the island is created by extensive fields of white rocks. The major part of the island is barren and rocky.
Rab is a Croatian island in northern Dalmatia. It is 22 kilometers long and has an area of 93.6 square kilometers. The main settlement on the island is the town of Rab. The island of Rab was first heard of under the reign od the Illyrians in 360 B.C. When it was part of the Roman Empire, emperor Octavian Augustus constructed town walls and gave Rab the title of a Municipium.
During the middle ages, Rab formed a part of the Kingdom of Croatia. In the year 1000, the island, along with the other islands and cities of Dalmatia surrendered to the Republic of Venice.
During the Renaissance, the island was ruled by Venice between 1409 and the late 18th century, and afterwards, it was briefly under the reign of Napoleon.
Losinj is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea. It was most likely enhabited since prehistoric times. This fact is evidenced by hill-forts at the foot of Osorscica and around the port of Mali Losinj.
The first evidence of settlers from the mainland originated from 1280. Their settlements gained self-governance in 1389 by the power a contract in Osor.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, the island experienced major development of trade, shipbuilding, and sailing. In 1771, Alberto Fortis visited Cres and Losinj and wrote a travelogue about his visit.
In 1919, Losinj was partially populated by Italian people and held by them until 1943. Later, it was occupied German Wehrmacht and the Croatian troops during World War II.