UNESCO Sites in Croatia

UNESCO is a specialized organization of the United Nations with the purpose of supporting the international cooperation in terms of culture, art and science. UNESCO is best known for creating its World Cultural Heritage List, which highlights various monuments of cultural an historical value. One of the countries that has plenty of UNESCO Sites is Croatia. This country has plenty of gorgeous nature areas and ancient monuments that deservedly earned their spot on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. In this article you will be able to read about some of the most iconic UNESCO Sites in Croatia that everyone should see at least once.

The Plitvice Lakes National Park

The Plitvice Lakes National Park is located in the central part of Croatia, approximately 140 kilometers away from Zagreb. The first nature reserve in this area was established in 1928, while the national park itself began operating in April of 1949.

There are approximately 1100 species of plants living in the Plitvice Lakes National Park, including countless endemics, as well as mediterranean plants. There are also plenty of animals living here, including birds (black stork, eagle owl and several species of woodpeckers) and mammals (wolves, foxes, badgers and brown bears).

The Old Town in Dubrovnik

The Old Town of Dubrovnik, filled with historical monuments was included at the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List as an entire city complex. Its unique architecture allows tourists to see a place that looks like a medieval town. This place is one of a kind because of itd. defensive strengthenings, which include 16 bastions. Originally, the seaside part of Stari Grad was created from the Lave islet, separated from the mainland with a small isthmus, which had a small settlement with a tiny church.

Diocletian’s Palace in Split

Diocletian’s Palace in Split is the former residence of emperor Diocletian, constructed in the late 3rd and early 4th century A.D. This residence is located over an Adriatic Bay and was constructed between 295 and 305 A.D., during the reign of Diocletian, who was the last emperor of Rome.

Currently the palace complex is the centre of the city of Split in Croatia. In 1979 it was included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List along with the monumental centre of the city. The promenade, which runs under the palace walls is a popular meeting place among people living in Split.

The Cathedral of st. James in Sibenik

The Cathedral of st. James in Sibenik is a triple-nave Catholic basilic. It is the episcopal seat of the Sibenik diocese.

The building of the church was initiated in 1402, although plans of its construction date back to 1298, when Sibenik became a municipality. The actual attempt to transform the older Romanesque cathedral began in 1431. Originally, the cathedral was conceived as a simple church. Between 1441 and 1473, the construction was supervised by Giorgio da Sebenico, who came here from Venice. In 2000, the cathedral was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

St. Nicholas Fortress

St. Nicholas Fortress is located at the entrance to the St. Anthony Channel, close to the town of Sibenik in Croatia. St. Nicholas Fortress is the only building in the fortification system of Sibenik to be located at sea. It was constructed on the left side of the entrance to the St. Anthony Channel. This fortress got its name from the Benedictine Monastery of St. Nicholas, which was originally located on the island, but was demolished because of the construction of the fortress.
St. Nicholas Fortress was constructed in the 16th century to prevent Turkish boats from reaching the port.

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